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Joliet Paternity attorneyThe word “paternity” refers to a father’s legal relationship with his child. When a mother gives birth, she is automatically the child’s legal parent. However, the same is not always true for fathers. If a mother is married, her husband is presumed to be the child’s father. However, many mothers are not married at the time of their baby’s birth. Furthermore, relationships are complicated, and sometimes a woman’s husband is not the baby’s biological father. If you are involved in a complicated situation like this, you may wonder how Illinois uses DNA paternity testing to confirm parentage in a family law case.

Establishing Paternity in Illinois

There are three main ways that a parent can establish legal parentage or paternity. The simplest method is for the parents to sign a document called a Voluntary Acknowledgement of Paternity and put the father’s name on the baby’s birth certificate. However, this option may not be feasible if paternity is unknown or contested. Paternity may also be established through an administrative paternity order or court order. In some cases, DNA testing is needed to confirm that a father is indeed a child’s biological parent.

How Does DNA Testing Work?

Children get half their DNA from their mother and half from their father. Laboratory technicians can analyze a baby’s DNA and compare it to the presumed father’s DNA to see if the man is actually the child’s father. During paternity testing, DNA may be obtained through the test subject’s cheek cells or blood. To get a cheek cell sample, a cotton swab is lightly scraped on the inside of the subject’s mouth. DNA is extracted from cells on the cotton swab and analyzed. In some cases, blood samples are taken from the test subjects instead of cheek cells. DNA paternity testing is extremely accurate.

What If My Child’s Parent Refuses to Cooperate?

Paternity is a crucial factor in gaining parental rights, establishing child support, and addressing other family law issues. However, establishing the paternity of a child can be particularly challenging if a parent does not cooperate. If you are a mother or a father and you have a paternity-related issue, contact an experienced family law attorney for help.

Contact a Joliet Paternity Lawyer

Whether you are the mother or the father, establishing the paternity of your baby is an essential part of protecting your rights and your child’s rights. For help, contact an Illinois family law attorney at Law Offices of Tedone and Morton, P.C.. Call 815-666-1285 for a free, confidential case assessment today.


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Plainfield estate planning attorney wills and trusts

Planning what should happen with your estate after your death can be a difficult decision. This is not just because of the nature of the task, but because there can be a lot of different choices to be made. A key factor when making any decisions should be the Illinois estate tax. We will explain this below and discuss why it is important to take it into consideration when planning your estate. An experienced estate planning attorney can assist you through the process and ensure that your loved ones are properly cared for in the future.

Illinois Estate Tax Law

The Illinois estate tax is a graduated tax rate that goes up to 16 percent and is only applied on estates that are worth more than $4 million. If your estate is worth less than $4 million, the tax rate will not be applied and you do not need to consider it. 

In some states, estate tax exemptions are portable, but not Illinois. Portability means that if one spouse dies but does not use any of his or her allotted estate tax exemption, that value can later be used by the other spouse. However, Illinois law is a bit simpler and only provides a $4 million exemption cap for each individual. 

Other states only tax a certain portion of an estate, but in Illinois, if your estate exceeds a value of $4 million, all of it is taxed. To get an idea of the amount you could be taxed, look at a chart of the tax rates. Each bracket will have a base amount that must be paid, and then there is a marginal rate that is applied to any money above the bottom limit of that bracket. 

If you have ever heard of inheritance and gift taxes, do not worry -- those will not play a role in your estate planning in Illinois, because Illinois does not have those taxes, only the estate tax. 

One last detail to consider is that if your estate’s value is very high, you could also be subject to a federal estate tax. As of 2018, the federal estate tax exemption was $11.18 million. 

Using Trusts to Lower Estate Tax

A common strategy that can help reduce estate taxes is to create legal trusts. There are a variety of trusts that you and your estate planning attorney can create, so that is why it is best to seek the advice of professional legal counsel since the types of trusts that could be applicable vary on a case-by-case basis. An example is an Irrevocable Life Insurance Trust, which is a designation for your life insurance benefits. If you have life insurance and you pass away, but you do not have this type of trust, the value of your life insurance benefits will be added to your estate and your beneficiaries could lose some of the money.

Contact a Will County Estate Planning Lawyer

Estate planning may seem daunting, but it does not have to be difficult. Prepare for the ongoing care of your loved ones by working with a respected Plainfield, IL estate planning attorney. At The Law Offices of Tedone & Morton, P.C., we have extensive legal experience and a history of caring for the best interests of our clients. Begin planning for the future of your estate by calling us today at 815-666-1285 to schedule your free consultation. 




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divorce law, new law, Illinois Divorce AttorneyFor the first time in nearly 60 years, sweeping changes have been approved to family law statutes in Illinois. In late July, Governor Bruce Rauner signed a measure to amend the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act (IMDMA), along with a number of other family-related laws in the state. Originally introduced as Senate Bill 57, the new law takes aim at several areas of concern, including divorce, child custody, and parental relocation, looking to keep up with the ever-evolving family dynamic.

At-Fault Divorce Eliminated

As it currently stands, a large majority of divorce cases throughout the state are granted on the grounds of irreconcilable differences, sometimes called a “no-fault” divorce. Beginning January 1st, when the new law goes into effect, such grounds will be the only option available for those wishing to dissolve their marriages. Fault grounds, which include infidelity, mental or physical cruelty, abandonment, and excessive substance abuse, will be eliminated, as the impact of at-fault divorce is relatively minimal anyway under current law. Marital misconduct may not be legally considered in any proceedings for spousal support, division of property, or child-related matters, as long as the child is not directly affected.

No More Two Year Separation

For many years, the largest obstacle to an efficient no-fault divorce has been a statutorily-mandated separation period. The IMDMA presently requires that a couple live “separate and apart” for at least two years before a divorce may be granted, a period that can be reduced to six months by mutual agreement of the parties. The new law will require a maximum separation period of six months, which the parties may waive completely by mutual agreement, allowing the divorce to proceed without undue delay.

Positive Change

While the measure was passed with relatively little fanfare, supporters believe the changes were long overdue. They maintain that the current law contains a number of checklist-type provisions that effectively distract from a couple's purpose of moving forward with their lives toward a more positive future. The new law is designed to remove many of the unnecessary roadblocks and help families look ahead rather than to mire them in bureaucratic procedures.

If you are considering divorce and would like to learn more about the potential effects of the new legislation, contact an experienced Will County family law attorney. At the Law Offices of Tedone and Morton, P.C., our mission is to protect your family's best interest in all areas of law, helping you achieve the outcome and future that you deserve. Call us today to schedule you free confidential consultation.

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mediation, divorce, Illinois family lawyerIf you are considering filing for divorce or have already done so, know that going to court is not your only option. There are other ways to complete your divorce, such as mediation and collaborative divorce. These methods are collectively known as alternative dispute resolution, which covers a wide range of non-litigative ways to resolve legal issues. In Illinois, the laws related to mediation and mediators are outlined in the Uniform Mediation Act.

There are many benefits that come with choosing mediation for your divorce. Many couples who choose this option report higher levels of satisfaction with their divorce settlements and better relationships with each other following their divorce. These benefits are derived from the greater level of control that couples who choose mediation have over their divorces than those who go through the traditional divorce litigation.

How Mediation Works

The couple works with a mediator to determine a fair divorce settlement. A mediator is a licensed professional who acts as a neutral third party during this process. Topics covered during a couple's mediation session can include everything related to their divorce, such as the division of their property and assets, their child custody plan, and issues related to spousal maintenance. These sessions take place in quiet, private spaces such as the mediator's office or conference room. By eliminating the stress of the courtroom, couples often find it easier to communicate with each other and the mediator about their goals and desires for their divorce settlement.

Once the couple has reached an agreement, their attorneys sign the paperwork attesting to the settlement and file it with the court. Once the court approves the paperwork, the couple is divorced. By working out a divorce settlement privately, rather than in the courtroom, the couple can save a significant amount of money on their divorce.

Circumstances Under Which Mediation is Not Advised

Although mediation has many benefits, it is not suitable for every couple. There are certain circumstances that a couple may face that prevent them from being able to complete the mediation process. These circumstances include:

  • If either spouse has a history of failing to cooperate with the court;
  • If either spouse is suspected of hiding assets from his or her partner; or
  • If there is a history of domestic violence or any other great power imbalance between the couple.
Mediation can only work when the couple's relationship is amicable enough for them to work together to reach their goals. If the couple cannot do this, they can not divorce through mediation. Couples who face these challenges are better suited to litigation.

Illinois Divorce Attorneys

To learn more about whether or not mediation is the right choice for your divorce, contact an experienced Will County divorce attorney at the Law Offices of Tedone and Morton, P.C. Our goal is to provide top quality legal advice and representation for divorcing couples and their families. We can help you understand your options and protect your rights throughout the process

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property division, divorce, lawyer, attorney, divorce lawyer, family law, One of the most difficult challenges during divorce is the separation of assets, or the division of property. Not only can this be an especially emotional aspect of the proceedings—because it forces the couple to go through their lives together piece by piece and literally split it apart—but expensive as well.

Illinois is an equitable distribution state, meaning that marital property is split evenly between the spouses, regardless of whose name is on ownership papers (ie: the deed to the house). According to the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, there are several factors taken into consideration for equitable distribution. These include, but are not limited to:

  • The contribution of each party to the acquisition or preservation to the value of the marital or non-marital property (“including the contribution of a spouse as a homemaker or to the family unit”);
  • Value of property assigned to each spouse;
  • Duration of marriage;
  • Premarital agreements;
  • Obligations arising from a previous marriage of either party;
  • The reasonable opportunity of each spouse for future acquisition of capital assets and income.

It is important to note that only marital property will be considered for equitable distribution. Separate property in Illinois, according to the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, is considered anything acquired before the marriage or an inheritance. Yet, as per the specifications above, if a spouse moved into the other's home upon marriage, and the contribution of both spouses during the marriage added value to the home, the home may be considered marital property.

Equitable distribution of marital property was initiated in order to ensure that even the non-primary earner in the relationship had a chance to maintain a similar lifestyle enjoyed during the marriage. In the past, for example, a wife's name was rarely on the title to a shared automobile. With equitable distribution, if the automobile is acquired during the marriage, it would be considered marital property.

If you or someone you know is considering divorce in Illinois and have questions about property division or any other reason, don't go through it alone. Contact an experienced Illinois family law attorney today.

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